The fact that you are not citing it helps the reader understand that this portion of the work is your unique contribution developed through your own research efforts. What is common knowledge is sometimes difficult to discern. In general, quick facts like historical dates or events are not cited because they are common knowledge. Some quick facts, such as statistics, are trickier.
How to write a quote
For example, the number of gun-related deaths per year probably should be cited, because there are a lot of ways this number could be determined does the number include murder only, or suicides and accidents, as well? A guideline that can help with deciding whether or not to cite facts is to determine whether the same data is repeated in multiple sources. If it is not, it is best to cite. The other thing that makes this determination difficult might be that what seems new and insightful to you might be common knowledge to an expert in the field. You have to use your best judgment, and probably err on the side of over-citing, as you are learning to do academic research.
You can seek the advice of your instructor, a writing tutor, or a librarian. Knowing what is and is not common knowledge is a practiced skill that gets easier with time and with your own increased knowledge. The reason is that such entries are meant to prepare you to do research, not be evidence of your having done it. Wikipedia entries, which are tertiary sources, are already a summary of what is known about the topic. Someone else has already done the labor of synthesizing lots of information into a concise and quick way of learning about the topic.
Just use it to educate yourself. Open activity in a web browser. Skip to content Increase Font Size. Tip: Why Cite Sources? Activity: To Cite or Not to Cite? Previous: Citation Software. Next: The Purpose of Academic Argument. Share This Book. Try modifying the sentence so that the number, or number word, is found elsewhere. A total of children were found in the warehouse, some malnourished and diseased. If modifying the sentence is not possible or does not work well with the flow of the assignment or paper, type out the written number:.
Two hundred twenty five children were found in the warehouse, some malnourished and diseased. Do not include any ISBN numbers in your paper. Photographs, data sets, tables, graphs, and other images are often added into projects or papers to promote or aid understanding. They provide meaningful visuals for the reader.
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If the illustration or visual image does not enhance the quality of the paper, do not include it in the project. Tables and illustrations should be placed as close as possible to the text that they most closely refer to. For an image to be significant and easily identifiable, place it as close as possible to the text in the project where it is discussed.
Citing Sources: When You Don't Need to Cite
It is not acceptable to simply place an image in a project without including identifiable information. All images must include information about its origin. In the text of the project or paper, place a parentheses at the end of the line where the figure is discussed, and include the label. White Studio. There is further good information here , including how to create an MLA format citation for images. This information should be located above the table, flush left, on separate lines. Underneath the table, provide the source and any notes.
MLA Works Cited Page: Books // Purdue Writing Lab
Notes should be labeled with a letter, rather than a numeral, so the reader is able to differentiate between the notes of the text and the notes of the table. In MLA format, the first table seen in the project is labeled as Table 1. The second table in the project is Table 2, and so on. Create a title for the table and place it below the label. The numbers reflect students who are enrolled full-time. The information included above and below any images or table should be double spaced, similar to the rest of the project or paper. Musical scores need to be labeled as well. When including a musical score in a project, do not label it as a figure or table.
Instead, label musical scores with Ex. This label should be placed below the musical score. Next to the abbreviation Ex. The first musical score in the project should be labeled as Ex. The second musical score found in an assignment should be labeled as Ex. If possible, provide a caption. The label and caption should appear below the musical illustration.
If the information below the sheet music includes enough information about the source, it is not necessary to include the full reference at the end of the assignment. Lists created using MLA essay format look different than a grocery list or any other type of vertical listing of items. Items in a list are formatted in horizontal order, rather than the traditional vertical style.
Here is an example of how a list may look in a research project or assignment:. Notice the items are listed horizontally, not vertically. This is important to keep in mind when including lists in a project. Place a colon between the introductory sentence and the list.
There are also times when a colon is not included. Do not place a colon before the first list item if the list is part of the sentence. Here is an example of how a list may look in a research project or assignment when the list is part of the sentence.
For more detailed information, make sure to check out EasyBib. Also, check out EasyBib. Containers are what hold the source. Is it all necessary? Check out Section 15 above to learn how to arrange the references on the page. Our MLA formatter will help you create citations quickly and easily!
Some professors or instructors will provide guidance on how to secure hard copies of projects. If your instructor does not provide you with any expectations or guidance, a simple staple in the top left corner should suffice. If a stapler is not available, some instructors allow paper or binder clips. Do not fold the top left corner down to secure the pages together. The page could easily unfold, causing a mess of papers.
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While binders and plastic holders are cute, in reality, they add bulk to a professor or instructor who may like to take the papers home for grading purposes. Keep the binding simple and clean. Staples work best, and binder and paper clips are the next best option. As always, follow any instructions your professor or teacher may provide.